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Dead or alive?!
Dozens of defensive behaviors are displayed by frogs... will they survive?!


 

Academic publishing
     

 


(for complete citation see below)

           
 
   
 
Mesquita et al. 2017. Low resistance to chytridiomycosis in direct-developing amphibians. Scientific Reports. PDF
 
 
 
Goutte et al. 2017. Evidence of auditory insensitivity to vocalisation frequencies in two frogs. Scientific Reports. PDF
 

Carvalho et al. 2017. Historical amphibian declines and extinctions in Brazil linked to chytridiomycosis. Proc. R. Soc. B. PDF

 
 
 

Köhler et al. 2017. The use of bioacoustics in anuran taxonomy: theory, terminology, methods and recommendations for best practice. Zootaxa. PDF

 

Toledo. 2017. Comment on “amphibians on the brink”. Science. PDF

Toledo et al. 2015. The value of audiovisual archives. Science. PDF

Toledo et al. 2012. Track illegal trade in wildlife. Nature. PDF

 

   

Jenkinson et al. 2016. Amphibian-killing chytrid in Brazil comprises both locally endemic and globally expanding populations. Mol. Ecol. PDF

Read more:

Rosenblum et al. 2013. PNAS. PDF
Schloegel et al. 2012. Mol. Ecol. PDF

 

Tolledo & Toledo 2015. Blind toads in paradise: the cascading effect of vision loss on a tropical archipelago. Journal of Zoology. PDF

Read more:

Tolledo et al. 2014. Herpetological Journal. PDF
Toledo & Ribeiro 2009. EcoHealth. PDF

 
   

James et al. 2015. Disentangling host, pathogen, and environmental determinants of a recently emerged wildlife disease: Lessons from the first 15 years of amphibian chytridiomycosis research. Ecology and Evolution. PDF

 

Toledo et al. 2014. Rarity as an indicator of endangerment in Neotropical frogs. Biological Conservation. PDF

Toledo & Batista 2012. Integrative study of Brazilian anurans: geographic distribution, size, environment, taxonomy, and conservation. Biotropica. PDF

 
   
Toledo et al. 2011. Behavioral defenses of anurans: an overview. Ethology Ecology & Evolution. PDF

Toledo et al. 2007. Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey. Journal of Zoology. PDF

           

 

 

NATURAL HISTORY AND BEHAVIOR

 

Defensive Strategies

Forti, L., Márquez, R. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Behavioural response evoked by conspecific distress calls in two Neotropical treefrogs. Ethology, 123(12): 942-948. PDF

Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Ferreira, R. B., Mendes, C. C. V. M., Zocca, C. Z., Medeiros, T., Ruas, D. S., Rebouças, R., Toledo, L. F., Brodie Jr., E. D. & Solé, M. 2016. Escalated antipredator mechanisms of two Neotropical marsupial treefrogs. Herpetological Journal, 26: 237-244. PDF

 

Mailho-Fontana P. L., Antoniazzi, M. M., Toledo, L. F., Verdade, V. K., Sciani, J. M., Barbaro, K. C., Pimenta, D. C., Rodrigues, M. T. & Jared, C. 2014. Passive and active defence in toads: the parotoid macroglands in Rhinella marina and Rhaebo guttatus. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology, 321(2): 65-77. PDF

 

Prates, I., Antoniazzi, M. M., Sciani, J. M., Pimenta, D. C., Toledo, L. F., Haddad, C. F. B. & Jared, C. 2012. Skin glands, poison and mimicry in dendrobatid and leptodactylid amphibians. Journal of Morphology, 273(3): 279-290. PDF

Jared, C., Antoniazzi, M. M., Verdade, V., K., Sciani, J. M., Pimenta, D. C., Toledo, L. F. & Rodrigues, M. T. 2011. The Amazonian toad Rhaebo guttatus is able to voluntarily squirt poison from the paratoid macroglands. Amphibia-Reptilia, 32(4): 546-549. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Sazima, I. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2011. Behavioral defenses of anurans: an overview. Ethology Ecology & Evolution, 23(1): 1-25. PDF / PDF (+ supporting online material)

Toledo, L. F., Sazima, I. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2010. Is it all death feigning? Case in anurans. Journal of Natural History, 44(31): 1979-1988. PDF

Kakazu, S., Toledo L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2010. Color polymorphism in Leptodactylus fuscus (Anura, Leptodactylidae): a defensive strategy against predators? Herpetology Notes, 3: 69-72. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2009. Defensive vocalizations of neotropical anurans. South American Journal of Herpetology, 4(1): 25-42. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2009. Colors and some morphological traits as defensive mechanisms in anurans. International Journal of Zoology, 2009, 910892: 1-12. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Tozetti, A. & Zina, J. 2005. Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Pepper Frog): defensive repertoire. Herpetological Bulletin, 90:29-31. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2004. Bufo cf. crucifer (Sapo Cururu). Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review, 35(4): 370-371. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2004. Elachistocleis cf. ovalis (Common Oval Frog). Death feigning. Herpetological Review, 35(4): 371-372. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Zina, J. P. 2004. Proceratophrys boiei (Smooth Horned Toad). Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review, 35(4): 375. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2004. Scinax fuscomarginatus (NCN). Defensive behavior. Herpetological Review, 35(4): 377-378. PDF

Predation

Oliveira, I. S., Oliveira, A. K. C., Cestari, M. M. & Toledo, L. F. 2010. Predation on Dendropsophus werneri (Anura: Hylidae) by a lycosid in the Atlantic forest, southern Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 3: 299-300. PDF

Costa, T. R. N., Silva, N. R. & Toledo, L. F. 2010. Physalaemus spiniger (Iguape Dwarf Frog) Predation. Herpetological Review, 41(3): 340-341. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Silva, R. R. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2007. Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey. Journal of Zoology, 271(2): 170-177. PDF (+ supporting online material)

Toledo, L. F. 2005. Predation of juvenile and adult anurans by invertebrates: current knowledge and perspectives. Herpetological Review, 36(4): 395-400. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Woehl Jr., G., Woehl, E. N. & Prado, C. P. A. 2005. Scinax nasicus, Hyla albomarginata, Hyla bischoffi, and Phyllomedusa distincta (Tree Frogs): avian predation. Herpetological Bulletin, 92: 31-32. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2003. Predation on seven South American anuran species by water bugs (Belostomatidae). Phyllomedusa, 2(2): 105-108. PDF

Acoustic and Visual Communication

Goutte, S., Mason, M., Christensen-Dalsgaard, J., Montealegre-Z, F., Chivers, B., Sarria-S, F., Antoniazzi, M. M., Jared, C., Sato, L. A. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Evidence of auditory insensitivity to vocalisation frequencies in two frogs. Scientific Reports, 7: 12121. PDF (+ supporting online material)

Forti, L. R., Silva, T. R. A. & Toledo, L. F. The acoustic repertoire of the Atlantic Forest Rocket Frog (Allobates, Aromobatidae) and its consequences for taxonomy and conservation. Zookeys, 692: 141-153. PDF

Forti, L. R., Lingnau, R., Encarnação, L. C., Bertoluci, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Can treefrog phylogeographical clades and species' phylogenetic topologies be recovered by bioacoustical analyses? Plos One, 12(2): e0169911. PDF

Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L., Assis, C. L., Feio, R. N. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. Redescription of the advertisement call of five species of Thoropa (Anura, Cycloramphidae), including recordings of rare and endangered species. Plos One, 11(9): e0162617. PDF

Martinelli, A. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. The last scream: the distress call of a probably extinct Brazilian anuran (Holoaden bradei Lutz, 1958). Zootaxa, 4184(2): 383-385. PDF

Forti, L., Costa, W. P., Martins, L. B., Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. Advertisement call and genetic structure conservatism: good news for an endangered Neotropical frog. PeerJ, 4:e2014. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Llusia, D., Vieira, C. A., Corbo, M. & Márquez, R. 2015. Neither convergence nor divergence in the advertisement call of sympatric congeneric Neotropical treefrogs. Bioacoustics, 24(1): 31-47. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Martins, I. A., Bruschi, D. P., Passos, M. A., Alexandre, C. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2015. The anuran calling repertoire in the light of social context. Acta Ethologica, 18(2): 87-99. PDF

Costa, T. R. N. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. Physalaemus spiniger (Anura: Leiuperinae): a frog with an extensive vocal repertoire. Journal of Herpetology, 47(4): 530-538. PDF

Garey, M. V., Costa, T. R. N., LIMA, A. M. X., Toledo, L. F. & Hartmann, M. T. 2012. Advertisement call of Scinax littoralis and S. angrensis (Amphibia: Anura: Hylidae), with notes on the reproductive activity of S. littoralis. Acta Herpetologica, 7(2): 297-308. PDF

Loebmann, D., Zina, J., Araújo, O. G. S., Toledo, L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2008. Acoustic repertory of Hypsiboas exastis (Caramaschi and Rodrigues, 2003) (Amphibia; Hylidae). South American Journal of Herpetology, 3(2): 96-100. PDF

Acioli, E. C. S. & L. F. Toledo. 2008. Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae, Hypsiboas beckeri: Filling gap and description of its advertisement call. Check List 4(2):182-184. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Araújo, O. G. S., Guimarães, L. D., Lingnau, R. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2007. Visual and acoustic signaling in three species of Brazilian nocturnal tree frogs (Anura, Hylidae). Phyllomedusa, 6(1): 61-68. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Haddad,C. F. B. 2005. Acoustic repertoire and calling site of Scinax fuscomarginatus (Anura, Hylidae). Journal of Herpetology, 39(3): 455-464. PDF

Reproductive Biology

Toledo, L. F., Garey, M. V., Costa, T. R. N., Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Hartmann, M. T. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2012. Alternative reproductive modes of Atlantic forest frogs. Journal of Ethology, 30(2): 331-336. PDF

Prado, C. P. A., Toledo, L. F., Woehl Jr., G. & Castanho, L. M. 2006. Phyllomedusa distincta (Leaf Frog). Multimale spawning. Herpetological Review, 37(2): 206-207. PDF

Tozetti, A. & Toledo, L. F. 2005. Short-term movement and retreat sites of Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) during the breeding season: a spool-and-line tracking study. Journal of Herpetology, 39(4): 640-644. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Haddad,C. F. B. 2005. Reproductive biology of Scinax fuscomarginatus (Anura, Hylidae) in south-eastern Brazil. Journal of Natural History, 39(32): 3029-3037. PDF

Prado, C. P. A., Toledo, L. F., Zina, J. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2005. Trophic eggs in the foam nests of Leptodactylus labyrinthicus (Anura, Leptodactylidae): an experimental approach. Herpetological Journal, 15(4): 279-284. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Guimarães, L. D., Lima, L. P., Bastos, R. P. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2004. Notes on courtship, egg-laying site, and defensive behavior of Epipedobates flavopictus (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from two mountain ranges of central and southeastern Brazil. Phyllomedusa, 3(2):145-147. PDF

Diet

Alves, G. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Food items in the rheophilic Torrent Frog Megaelosia apuana (Anura; Hylodidae). Herpetology Notes, 10: 535-536. PDF

   

 

TAXONOMY RELATED STUDIES

 

Bioacoustics

Köhler, J., Jansen, M., Rodríguez, A., Kok, P. J. R., Toledo, L. F., Emmrich, M., Glaw, F., Haddad, C. F. B., Rödel, M.-O. & Vences, M. 2017. The use of bioacoustics in anuran taxonomy: theory, terminology, methods and recommendations for best practice. Zootaxa, 4251(1): 1-124. PDF

Parasites

Muñoz-Leal, S., Toledo, L. F., Venzal, J. M., Marcili, A., Martins, T. F., Acosta, I. C. L., Pinter, A. & Labruna, M. B. 2017. Description of a new soft tick species (Acari: Argasidae: Ornithodoros) associated with stream-breeding frogs (Anura: Cycloramphidae: Cycloramphus) in Brazil. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 8(5): 682-692. PDF

Species

Andrade, F. S., Magalhães, F. M., Almeida, C. H. L. N., Veiga-Menoncello, A. C. P., Santana, D. J., Garda, A. A., Loebman, D., Recco-Pimentel, S. M., Giaretta, A. A. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. A new species of long-legged Pseudopaludicola from northeastern Brazil (Anura, Leptodactylidae, Leiuperinae). Salamandra, 52(2): 107-124. PDF

Bruschi, D. P., Busin, C. S., Toledo, L. F., Andrade, G. V., Strüssmann, C., Weber, L. N., Lima, A. P., Lima, J. D. & Recco-Pimentel, S. M. 2013. Evaluation of the taxonomic status of populations assigned to Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis (Anura, Hylidae, Phyllomedusinae) based on molecular, chromosomal, and morphological approach. BMC Genetics, 14: 70. PDF

Gordo, M., Toledo, L. F., Suarez, P., Kawashita-Ribeiro, R. A., Ávila, R. W., Morais, D. H. & Nunes, I. 2013. A New milk frog of the genus Trachycephalus Tschudi (Anura, Hylidae) from the Amazon rain forest. Herpetologica, 69(4): 466-479. PDF

Cardozo, D. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. Taxonomic status of Pseudopaludicola riopiedadensis Mercadal de Barrio and Barrio, 1994 (Anura, Leptodactylidae, Leiuperinae). Zootaxa, 3734(5): 571-582. PDF

Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Solé, M. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. A new species of Adelophryne Hoogmoed and Lescure 1984 (Amphibia: Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from the Atlantic forest of southern Bahia, Brazil. Zootaxa, 3441:59-68. PDF

Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. A new species of Elachistocleis Parker (Anura, Microhylidae) from the state of Acre, northern Brazil. Zootaxa, 3424:43-50. PDF

Provete, D., Garey, M. V., Toledo, L. F., Nascimento, J., Lourenço, L. B., Rossa-Feres, D. C. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2012. Redescription of Physalaemus barrioi Bokermann, 1967 (Anura: Leiuperidae). Copeia, 3: 507-518. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2010. Description of a new species of Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926 from the state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil (Anura, Leiuperidae). Zootaxa, 2681: 47-56. PDF (+ Erratum)

Toledo, L. F. 2010. A new species of Elachistocleis (Anura; Microhylidae) from the Brazilian Amazon. Zootaxa, 2496: 63-68. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Siqueira, S., Duarte, T. C., Veiga-Menocello, A. C. P., Recco-Pimentel, S. M. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2010. Description of a new species of Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro, 1926 from the state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil (Anura, Leiuperidae). Zootaxa, 2496: 38-48. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Loebmann, D. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2010. Revalidation and redescription of Elachistocleis cesarii (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920) (Anura: Microhylidae). Zootaxa, 2418: 50-60. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Garcia, P. C. A., Lingnau, R. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2007. A new species of Sphaenorhynchus (Anura: Hylidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 1658: 57-68. PDF

Tadpoles

Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L., Zamudio, K. R. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. The semiterrestrial tadpole of Cycloramphus rhyakonastes Heyer, 1983 (Cycloramphidae). Journal of Herpetology, 50(2): 289-294. PDF

Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Lantyer-Silva, A. S. F., Toledo, L. F. & Solé, M. 2013. Tadpole, oophagy, advertisement call and geographic distribution of Aparasphenodon arapapa Pimenta, Napoli and Haddad 2009 (Anura, Hylidae). Journal of Herpetology, 47(4): 575-579. PDF

Lourenço-de-Moraes, R., Campos, F. S. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. The tadpole of Dendropsophus haddadi (Bastos & Pombal 1996) (Hylidae: Hylinae). Zootaxa, 3476: 86-88. PDF

Tolledo, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2010. The tadpole of Rhinella jimi (Anura: Bufonidae) with comments on the tadpoles of species of the Rhinella marina group. Journal of Herpetology, 44(3): 480-483. PDF

Costa, T. R. N., Lingnau, R. & Toledo, L. F. 2009. The tadpole of the Brazilian torrent frog Hylodes heyeri (Anura; Hylidae) from Brazil. Zootaxa, 2222: 66-68. PDF

 

Described

Ornithodoros saraivai (Argasidae: 2017; Mata Atlântica)
Pseudopaludicola jaredi
(Leptodactylidae: 2016; Caatinga)
Trachycephalus cunauaru
(Hylidae: 2013; Amazônia)
Adelophryne mucronatus
(Eleutherodactylidae: 2012; Mata Atlântica)
Elachistocleis muiraquitan
(Microhylidae: 2012; Amazônia)
Elachistocleis magna
(Microhylidae: 2010; Amazônia)
Pseudopaludicola murundu
(Leptodactylidae: 2010; Cerrado)
Pseudopaludicola serrana (Leptodactylidae: 2010; Cerrado)
Sphaenorhynchus caramaschii (Hylidae: 2007; Mata Atlântica)

Redescribed or Revalidated

Physalaemus barrioi (Leptodactylidae: 2012; Mata Atlântica)
Elachistocleis cesarii (Microhylidae: 2010; Cerrado & Mata Atlântica)

Synonymized

Pseudopaludicola riopiedadensis (Leptodactylidae: 2013; Cerrado)

   

 

CYTOGENETICS

 

Oliveira, I. S., Noleto, R., Oliveira, A. K. C., Toledo, L. F. & Cestari, M. Comparative cytogenetic analysis of four species of Dendropsophus (Hylinae) from the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Journal of Genetics, 95(2): 349-355. PDF

Noleto, R. B., Amaro, R. C., Verdade, V. K., Campos, R. C., Gallego, L. F. K., Lima, A. M. X., Cestari, M. M., Kasahara, S., Yonenaga-Yassuda, Y., Rodrigues, M. T. & Toledo, L. F. 2011. Comparative cytogenetics of eight species of Cycloramphus (Anura, Cycloramphidae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 250(3): 205-214. PDF

   

 

ASSEMBLAGES

 

Araújo, O. G. S., Toledo, L. F., Garcia, P. C. A., Haddad, C. F. B. 2009. Lista de anfíbios do estado de São Paulo. Biota Neotropica, 9(4): 197-209. PDF

Zina, J., Ennser, J., Pinheiro, S. C. P., Haddad, C. F. B. & Toledo, L. F. 2007. Taxocenose de anuros de uma mata semidescídua do interior do Estado de São Paulo: implicações sobre o processo de fragmentação. Biota Neotropica, 7(2): 49-57. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Zina, J. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2003. Distribuição temporal e espacial de uma comunidade de anfíbios anuros no município de Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brasil. Holos Environment, 3(2): 136-149. PDF

   

 

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION

 

Passos, M. A., Bruschi, D. P., Lima, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. Amphibia, Anura, Scinax agilis (Cruz & Peixoto, 1983): filling gap and new state record. Check List, 8(4): 792-793. PDF

Strüssmann, C., Campos, V. A., Rodrigues, T. F. D., Almeida, C. H. L. N., Toledo, L. F., Hoogmoed, M. S. & Valadão, R. M. 2012. New records and geographic distribution map of Elachistocleis magnus Toledo 2010 (Anura: Microhylidae). Check List, 8(2): 317-320. PDF

Oliveira, A. K. C., Oliveira, I. S., Hartmann, M. T., Silva, N. R. & Toledo, L. F. 2011. Amphibia, Anura, Brachycephalidae, Brachycephalus hermogenesi (Giaretta and Sawaya, 1998): new species record in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil and geographic distribution map. Check List, 7(1):17-18. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Araújo, O. G. S., Ávila, R. W., Kawashita-Ribeiro, R. A., Morais, D. H. & Cisneros-Heredia, D. F. 2009. Amphibia, Anura, Centrolenidae, Cochranella adenocheira: distribution and range extension, Brazil. Check List, 5(3): 380-382. PDF

Leite Jr., J. M. A., Sampaio, J. M. S., Silva-Leite, R. R., Loebmann, D., Leite, J. R. S. A. & Toledo, L. F. 2008. Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae, Scinax fuscomarginatus: distribution extension. Check List, 4(4): 475-477. PDF

Toledo, L. F., C. A. Brasileiro, O. G. S. Araújo & C. F. B. Haddad. 2008. Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae, Bokermannohyla izecksohni: Distribution extension. Check List, 4(4): 442-444. PDF

Araújo, O. G. S., Loebmann, D., Zina, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2007. Geographic distribution. Phyllomedusa rohdei (Rohde’s Leaf Frog). Herpetological Review, 38(1): 98. PDF

Marques, R. M., Colas-Rosas, P. F., Toledo, L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2006. Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae, Melanophryniscus moreirae: distribution extension. Check List, 2(1): 68-69. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Castanho, L. M. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2005. Recognition and distribution of Leptodactylus mystaceus (Anura; Leptodactylidae) in the State of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 5(1): 57-62. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2005. Geographic distribution. Scinax agilis (NCN). Herpetological Review, 36(1): 77. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Lingnau, R. 2002. Geographic distribution. Hylodes heyeri (NCN). Herpetological Review, 33(4): 317. PDF

   

 

HEALTH 1: CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS

 

Reviews and insights

Toledo, L. F. 2017. Comment on “amphibians on the brink”. Sci. Signal. (E-Letter, 22 August 2017): http://science.sciencemag.org/content/357/6350/454/tab-e-letters.

James, T. Y., Toledo, L. F., Rödder, D., Leite, D. S., Belasen, A., Betancourt-Román, C. M., Jenkinson, T. S., Soto-Azat, C., Lambertini, C., Longo, A. V., Ruggeri, J., Collins, J. P., Burrowes, P., Lips, K. R., Zamudio, K. R. & Longcore, J. E. 2015. Disentangling host, pathogen, and environmental determinants of a recently emerged wildlife disease: Lessons from the first 15 years of amphibian chytridiomycosis research. Ecology and Evolution, 5(18): 4079-4097. PDF

Ecology

Ruggeri, J., Carvalho-e-Silva, S. P., James, T. Y. & Toledo, L. F. 2018. Amphibian chytrid infection is influenced by rainfall seasonality and water availability. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, in press. PDF

 

Ruggeri, J., Toledo, L. F. & Carvalho-e-Silva, S. P. 2018. Stream tadpoles present high prevalence but low infection loads of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Hydrobiologia, 806(1): 303-311. PDF

 

Ruano-Fajardo, G., Toledo, L. F. & Mott, T. 2016. Jumping into a trap: high prevalence of chytrid fungus in the preferred microhabitats of a bromeliad-specialist frog. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 121(3): 223-232. PDF + supporting online material)

Valencia-Aguilar, A., Toledo, L. F., Vital, M. V. & Mott, T. 2016. Seasonality, environmental factors, and host behavior linked to disease risk in stream-dwelling tadpoles. Herpetologica, 72(2): 98-106. PDF

Preuss, J. F., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S., Toledo, L. F. & Lucas, E. M. 2016. Crossing the threshold: an amphibian assemblage highly infected with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the southern Brazilian Atlantic forest. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 51(1): 68-77. PDF

Becker, C. G., Rodriguez, D., Longo, A. V., Toledo, L. F., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S., Haddad, C. F. B. & Zamudio, K. R. 2016. Deforestation, host community structure, and amphibian disease risk. Basic & Applied Ecology, 17(1):72-80. PDF

Ruggeri, J., Longo, A. V., Gaiarsa, M. P., Alencar, L. R. V., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S., Carvalho-e-Silva, S. P., Zamudio, K. R., Toledo, L. F. & Martins, M. 2015. Seasonal variation in population abundance and chytrid infection in stream-dwelling frogs of the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Plos One, 10(7): e0130554. PDF

Valencia-Aguilar, A., Ruano-Fajardo, G., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S., Toledo, L. F. & Mott, T. 2015. The chytrid fungus acts as a generalist pathogen that infects species-rich amphibian families in Brazilian rainforests. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 114(1): 61-67. PDF (+ supporting online information)

Becker, C. G., Rodriguez, D., Toledo, L. F., Longo, A. V., Lambertini, C., Correa, D. T., Leite, D. S., Haddad, C. F. B. & Zamudio, K. R. 2014. Partitioning the net effect of host diversity on an emerging amphibian pathogen. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281: 20141796. PDF (+ supporting online information)

Rödder, D., Schulte, U. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. High environmental niche overlap between the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and invasive bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) enhance the potential of disease transmission in the Americas. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 9(1): 178-184. PDF

Gründler, M. C., Toledo, L. F., Parra-Olea, G., Haddad, C. F. B., Giasson, L., Sawaya, R. J., Prado, C. P. A., Araújo, O. G. S., Zara, F. J., Centeno, F. C. & Zamudio, K. R. 2012. Interaction between breeding habitat and elevation affects prevalence but not infection intensity of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Brazilian anuran assemblages. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 97(3): 173-184. PDF

Bd distribution

Carvalho, T., Becker, C. G. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Historical amphibian declines and extinctions in Brazil linked to chytridiomycosis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B: Biological Sciences, 284(1848): 20162254. PDF (+ supporting online material)

Lambertini C., Becker C. G., Bardier C., Leite D. S., Toledo, L. F. 2017. Spatial distribution of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in South American caecilians. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 124(2): 109-116. PDF

Becker, C. G., Rodriguez, D., Lambertini, C., Toledo, L. F. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2016. Historical dynamics of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Amazonia. Ecography, 39(10): 954-960. PDF

Preuss, J. F., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S., Toledo, L. F. & Lucas, E. M. 2015. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the near threatened and endangered amphibians in the southern Brazilian Atlantic forest. North Western Journal of Zoology, 11(2): 360-362. PDF

Vieira, C. A., Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L., Lambertini, C., Leite, D. S. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. First record of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Paraná, Brazil. Herpetological Review, 43(1): 93-94. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Britto, F. B., Araújo, O. G. S., Giasson, L. O. M. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2006. The occurrence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Brazil and the inclusion of 17 new cases of infection. South American Journal of Herpetology, 1(3): 185-191. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Haddad, C. F. B., Carnaval, A. O. Q. C. & Britto, F. B. 2006. A Brazilian anuran (Hylodes magalhaesi: Leptodactylidae) infected by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis: a conservation concern. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, 4(1): 17-21. PDF

Carnaval, A. O. Q. C., Toledo, L. F., Haddad, C. F. B. & Britto, F. B. 2005. Chytrid fungus infects high-altitude stream-dwelling Hylodes magalhaesi (Leptodactylidae) in the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. Frog Log, 70: 3-4. PDF

Molecular biology and ecology

Jenkinson, T. S., Betancourt-Román, C. M., Lambertini, C., Valencia-Aguilar, A., Rodriguez, D., Nunes-de-Almeida, C. H. L., Ruggeri, J., Belasen, A. M., Leite, D. S., Zamudio, K. R., Longcore, J. E., Toledo, L. F. & James, T. Y. 2016. Amphibian-killing chytrid in Brazil comprises both locally endemic and globally expanding populations. Molecular Ecology, 25(13): 2978-2996. PDF

Rosenblum, E. B., James, T. Y., Zamudio, K., Poorten, T. J., Ilut, D., Rodriguez, D., Eastman, J., Richards-Hrdlicka, K., Joneson, S., Jenkinson, T. S., Longcore, J., Parra-Olea, G., Toledo, L. F., Arellano, M. L., Tovar, E. M., Restrepo, S., Flechas, S. V., Berger, L., Briggs, C. & Stajich, J. E. 2013. A complex history of the amphibian-killing chytrid fungus revealed with genome resequencing data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(23): 9385-9390. PDF (+ supporting online information)

Longo, A.V., Rodriguez, D., Leite, D. S., Toledo, L. F., Mendoza-Almeralla, C., Burrowes, P. A. & Zamudio, K. R. 2013. ITS1 copy number varies among Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis strains: implications for qPCR zoospore estimation of field-collected amphibian skin swabs. Plos One, 8(3): e59499. PDF

Schloegel, L. M., Toledo, L. F., Longcore, J. E., Greenspan, S. E., Vieira, C. A., Lee, M., Zhao, S., Wangen, C., Ferreira, C. M., Hipólito, M., Davies, A. J., Cuomo, C. A., Daszak, P. & James, T. Y. 2012. Novel, panzootic, and hybrid genotypes of amphibian chytridiomycosis associated with the bullfrog trade. Molecular Ecology, 21(21): 5162-5177. PDF (+ supporting online material)

Bd phenotipic variation

Becker, C. G., Greenspan, S. E., Tracy, K. E., Dash, J. A., Lambertini, C., Jenkinson, T. S., Leite, D. S., Toledo, L. F., Longcore, J. E., James, T. Y. & Zamudio, K. R. 2017. Variation in phenotype and virulence among enzootic and panzootic amphibian chytrid lineages. Fungal Ecology, 26:45-50. PDF

Lambertini, C., Becker, C. G., Jenkinson, T. S., Rodriguez, D., Leite, D. S., James, T. Y., Zamudio, K. R. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. Local phenotypic variation in amphibian-killing fungus predicts infection dynamics. Fungal Ecology, 20: 15-21. PDF

Bd inhibition

Muletz-Wolz, C. R., Almario, J. G., Barnett, S. E., DiRenzo, G. V., Martel, A., Pasmans, F., Zamudio, K. R., Toledo, L. F. & Lips, K. 2017. Inhibition of fungal pathogens across genotypes and temperatures by amphibian skin bacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8:1551. PDF (+ supporting online material)

Host physiology

Bovo, R., Andrade, D. V., Toledo, L. F., Longo, A. V., Rodriguez, D., Haddad, C. F. B., Zamudio, K. R. & Becker, C. G. 2016. Physiological responses of Brazilian amphibians to an enzootic infection of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 117(3):245-252. PDF

Salla, R. F., Gamero, F. U., Ribeiro, L. R., Rizzi, G. M., Medico, S. E. D., Rissoli, R. Z., Vieira, C. A., Silva-Zacarin, E. C. M., Leite, D. S., Addalla, F. C., Toledo, L. F. & Costa, M. J. 2015. Cardiac adaptations of Bullfrog tadpoles in response to chytrid infection. Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology, 323(7): 487-496. PDF

Host resistance and susceptibility

Mesquita, A. F. C., Lambertini, C., Lyra, M., Malagoli, L. R., James, T. Y., Toledo, L. F., Haddad, C. F. B. & Becker, C. G. 2017. Low resistance to chytridiomycosis in direct-developing amphibians. Scientific Reports, 7(1): 16605. PDF

Vieira, C. A., Toledo, L. F., Longcore, J. E. & Longcore, J. E. 2013. Body length of Hylodes cf. ornatus and Lithobates catesbeianus tadpoles, depigmentation of mouthparts, and presence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis are related. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 73(1): 195-199. PDF

Protocols

Ribeiro, L. P., Almeida, S. C., Kurissio, J. K., Araújo Júnior, J. P., Franckin, T., Toledo, L. F. & Bosco, S. M. G. 2017. Detecção do fungo Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis por meio de nested PCR. Herpetologia Brasileira, 6(1): 11-14. PDF

Hipólito, M., Dias, D. C., Lambertini, C., Martins, A. M. C. R. P. F., Reis, A., Ferreira, C. M. & Toledo, L. F. 2015. Uso de criobolas para criopreservação de Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Herpetologia Brasileira, 4(2): 28-29. PDF

Moreno, L. F., Morão, P. & Toledo, L. F. 2015. Tratamento de anfíbios infectados pelo fungo quitrídio do gênero Batrachochytrium. Herpetologia Brasileira, 4(2): 30-34. PDF

Lambertini, C., Carollo, A. B., Morão, P., Leite, D. S. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. Criopreservação do fungo quitrídio: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Herpetologia Brasileira, 2(3): 57-58. PDF

Lambertini, C., Rodriguez, D., Brito, F. B., Leite, D. S. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. Diagnóstico do fungo quitrídio: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Herpetologia Brasileira, 2(1): 12-17. PDF

Vieira, C. A. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. Isolamento, cultivo e armazenamento do fungo quitrídio: Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Herpetologia Brasileira, 1(1): 18-19. PDF

   
 
HEALTH 2: MALFORMATIONS, ALBINISM & MORE
 

Tolledo, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2015. Blind toads in paradise: the cascading effect of vision loss on a tropical archipelago. Journal of Zoology, 296(3): 167-176. PDF

Tolledo, J., Silva, E. T., Almeida, C. H. L. N. & Toledo, L. F. 2014. Anomalous tadpoles in a Brazilian oceanic archipelago: implications of oral anomalies on their foraging behaviour, food intake, and metamorphosis. Herpetological Journal, 24(4): 237-243. PDF

De Paula, C. D. & Toledo, L. F. 2014. Anfíbios. In: Cubas, Z. S., Silva, J. C. R. & Catão-Dias, J. L (Eds.). Tratado de Animais Selvagens - Medicina Veterinária, 2nd ed, v. 1. São Paulo, Roca. Pp. 132-151. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Silva, N. R. & Araújo, O. G. S. 2011. Albinism in two Amazonian frogs: Elachistocleis carvalhoi (Microhylidae) and Lithobates palmipes (Ranidae). Herpetology Notes, 4: 145-146. PDF

Silva, N. R. & Toledo, L. F. 2010. Bokermannohyla saxicola (NCN), Scinax curicica (Lanceback Treefrog), Scinax squalirostris (Snouted Treefrog), Trachycephalus mesophaeus (Golden-eyed Treefrog), and Elachistocleis sp. (Oval Frog). Morphology. Herpetological Review, 41(3): 333-334. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Ribeiro, R. S. 2009. The archipelago of Fernando de Noronha: an intriguing malformed toad hotspot in South America. EcoHealth, 6(3): 351-357. PDF

   

 

CONSERVATION

 

Forti, L., Becker, C. G., Tacioli, L., Pereira, V. R., Santos, A. C. F. A., Oliveira, I. S., Haddad, C. F. B. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Perspectives on invasive amphibians in Brazil. Plos One, 12(9): e0184703. PDF

Bardier, C., Pereira, G., Elgue, E., Maneyro, R. & Toledo, L. F. 2017. Quantitative determination of the minimum body size for photo-identification of Melanophryniscus montevidensis (Bufonidae). Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 12(1): 119-126. PDF

Oliveira, I. S., Rödder, D. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. Potential worldwide impacts of sea level rise on coastal-lowland anurans. North-Western Journal of Zoology, 12(1): 91-101. PDF

Oliveira, I. S., Rödder, D., Capinha, C., Ahmadzadeh, F., Oliveira, A. K. C. & Toledo, L. F. 2016. Assessing Future Habitat Availability for Coastal Lowland Anurans in the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest. Studies of Neotropical Fauna and Environment. 51(1): 45-55. PDF

Mendes, D. M., Leão, R. F. & Toledo, L. F. 2015. Drift fences in traps: theoretical evidence of effectiveness of the two most common arrays applied to terrestrial tetrapods. Natureza & Conservação, 13(1): 60-66. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Becker, C. G., Haddad, C. F. B. & Zamudio, K. R. 2014. Rarity as an indicator of endangerment in Neotropical frogs. Biological Conservation, 179: 54-62. PDF (+ supporting online material S1 and S2)

Toledo, L. F., Assmüssen, M. V. & Rodríguez, J. P. 2012. Track illegal trade in wildlife. Nature, 483: 36. PDF

Toledo, L. F. & Batista, R. F. 2012. Integrative study of Brazilian anurans: relationship between geographic distribution and size, environment, taxonomy, and conservation. Biotropica, 44(6): 785-792. PDF

Costa, T. R. N., Carnaval, A. C. O. Q. & Toledo, L. F. 2012. Mudanças climáticas e seus impactos sobre os anfíbios brasileiros. Revista da Biologia, 8: 33-37. PDF

Verdade, V. K., Valdujo, P. H., Carnaval, A. C. O. Q., Schiesari, L., Toledo, L. F., Mott, T., Andrade, G. V., Eterovic, P., Menin, M., Pimenta, B. V. S., Nogueira, C., Lisboa, C. S., de Paula, C. D., Silvano, D. L. 2012. A leap further: the Brazilian amphibian conservation action plan. Alytes, 29(1-4): 27-42. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Carvalho-e-Silva, S. P., Sánchez, C., Almeida, M. A. & Haddad, C. F. B. 2010. A revisão do Código Florestal Brasileiro: impactos negativos para a conservação dos anfíbios. Biota Neotropica, 10(4): 1-4. PDF

Pistoni, J. & Toledo, L. F. 2010. Amphibian illegal trade in Brazil: what do we know? South American Journal of Herpetology, 5(1): 51-56. PDF

Garcia, P. C. A., Sawaya, R. J., Martins, I. A., Brasileiro, C., Verdade, V., JIM., Segalla, M. V., Martins, M., Rossa-Feres, D. C., Haddad, C. F. B., Toledo, L. F., Prado,  C. P. A., Berneck, B. M. & Araújo, O. G. S. 2010. Anfíbios. In: Fauna ameaçada de extinção do estado de São Paulo. P. M. Bressan, M. C. M. Kierulff & A. M. Sugieda (Eds.). Pp. 329-347. São Paulo: Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo: Secretaria do Meio Ambiente. PDF

Toledo, L. F. 2009. Anfíbios como bioindicadores. In: Neumann-Leitão, S. & El-Dier, S. (Orgs.) Bioindicadores da qualidade ambiental. Recife: Instituto Brasileiro Pró-Cidadania. Pp. 196-208. PDF

   

 

REPTILE NATURAL HISTORY AND PHYSIOLOGY

 

Milson, W. K., Andrade, D. V., Brito, S. P., Toledo, L. F., Wang, T. & Abe, A. S. 2008. Seasonal changes in daily metabolic patterns of tegu lizards (Tupinambis merianae) placed in the cold (17ºC) and dark. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 81(2): 165-175. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Brito, S. P., Milson, W. K., Abe, A. S. & Andrade, D. V. 2008. Effects of season, temperature, and body mass on the standard metabolic rate of Tegu Lizards (Tupinambis merianae). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 81(2): 158-164. PDF

Andrade, D. V., Brito, S. P., Toledo, L. F. & Abe, A. S. 2004. Seasonal changes in blood oxygen transport and acid-base status in the Tegu Lizard, Tupinambis merianae. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 140(2): 197-208. PDF

Andrade, D. V., Toledo, L. F., Abe, A. S. & Wang, T. 2004. Ventilatory compensation of the alkaline tide during digestion in the snake Boa constrictor. Journal of Experimental Biology, 207(8): 1379-1385. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Prado, C. P. A. & Andrade, D. V. 2004. Tupinambis merianae (Tegu Lizard). Fungivory. Herpetological Review, 35(2): 173-174. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Abe, A. S. & Andrade, D. V. 2003. Temperature and meal size effects on the postprandial metabolism and energetics in a boid snake. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 76(2): 240-246. PDF

 

 

SCIENTIFIC COLLECTIONS / SOUND ARCHIVES / SOFTWARES

 

Tacioli, L., Toledo, L. F. & Medeiros, C. B. 2017. An architecture for animal sound identification based on multiple feature extraction and classification algorithms. Anais do 11º Brazilian e-Science Workshop. PDF

Toledo, L. F., Tipp, C. & Márquez, R. 2015. The value of audiovisual archives. Science, 347(6221): 484. PDF

Cugler, D. C., Medeiros, C. B. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. An architecture for retrieval of animal sound recordings based on context variables. Concurrency and Computation, 25(16): 2310-2326. PDF

Cugler, D. C., Medeiros, C. B., Shekhar, S. & Toledo, L. F. 2013. A geographical approach for metadata quality improvement in biological observation databases. In: 9º IEEE International Conference on e-Science, Beijing. Anals... v. 1, p. 212-220. PDF

Cugler, D. C., Medeiros, C. B. & Toledo, L. F. 2011. Managing animal sounds: some challenges and research directions. In: 31º Congresso Brasileiro de Computação, Natal. Proceedings V eScience Work- shop - XXXI Brazilian Computer Society Conference. PDF

 

 

HISTORY OF BIOACOUSTICS

 

Toledo, L. F. & Araújo, C. B. 2017. Zoophonie: les origines de la bioacoustique. In: Nagler, L. F. & Raimondi, C. (eds): Hercule Florence: le nouveau Robinson, 1 ed, 265-285. Milan: Humboldt Books. PDF

 

           
         
           
 

STAY TUNED!

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